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TSC Secondary Level Subject Science License Curriculum 2075 -Shikshak Sewa Aayog

Published on 06/01/2019
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TSC Secondary Level Subject Science Lisence Curriculum 2075 -Shikshak Sewa Aayog

1.3 Optics

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1.3.1 Reflection at curve mirror, concave and convex mirror, mirror formula, real and virtual images

1.3.2 Refraction through prism: minimum deviation, relationship between angle of prism,minimum
deviation and refractive index

1.3.3 Introduction of lens, lens maker formula, power of lens

1.3.4 Optical instruments : Human eye, defect of vision and its correction, camera, microscope,
telescope and binocular

1.3.5 Nature and propagation of light, electromagnetic spectrum, Huygen’s principle, velocity of light,

1.3.6 Phenomena of interference, coherent sources, Newton’s ring

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1.3.7 Concept of diffraction and polarization of light

1.3.8 Defects of vision and their correction

1.3.9 Phenomenon diffraction and polarization of light

1.3.10 Introduction of X rays and ultra sound and its application

1.4 Electrostatics

1.4.1 Electric charge, conductors and insulators, Coulomb’s law,

1.4.2 Electric field, Gauss la w and its application, electric flux,

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1.4.3 Potential and potential difference, Potential due to a point charge, potential energy, electron volt

1.4.4 Capacitance and capacitor, charging and discharging of capacitor, combination of capacitors, effect
of dielectric, molecular theory of induced charges

1.4.5 Waves

1.4.6 Free, damped and forced oscillation,

1.4.7 Longitudinal and Transverse motion of waves, progressive and stationary waves

1.4.8 Reflection and refraction of sound waves

1.4.9 Velocity of sound in solid, liquid and gas, Effect of temperature, pressure and humidity on velocity
of sound

1.4.10 Characteristics of sound: Intensity, loudness, pitch, quality, Doppler effect,

1.4.11 Concept of in wave and strings, law of vibration of fixed string

1.4.12 Principle of superposition;Resonance,Sonometer

1.4.13 Infrasonic and ultrasonic waves,

1.5 Current Electricity

1.5.1 Electric circuit

1.5.2 Ohm’s law,

1.5.3 Electrical resistance, resistivity and conductivity,

1.5.4 Current – voltage relations,

1.5.5 Ohmic and non Ohmhic resistance , Resistance in series and parallel

1.5.6 Consumption of electricity

1.5.7 Electromotive force and potential difference

1.5.8 Joule’s law and its verification

1.5.9 Electrical circuits- Kirchhhoff’s laws, Wheastone bridge circuit

1.5.10 P.O. box, meter bridge and potentiometer

1.5.11 Faraday’s laws of electrolysis, verification of Faraday’s law of electrolysis

1.6 Magnetic field of current

1.6.1 Molecular theory of magnetism

1.6.2 Methods of preparation of magnets

1.6.3 Magnetic field and magnetic lines of forces

1.6.4 Dip and dip circle

1.6.5 Relative permeability, susceptibility, hysteresis,

1.6.6 Dia-, Para- and Ferro-magnetic materials

1.6.7 Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction,

1.6.8 Lenz’s law, eddy current

1.6.9 Generator, Dynamo and transformer

1.6.10 Introduction of alternative current, peak and RMS value of AC current and voltage 3

1.6.11 Solar battery, battery charger, invertors, adopter

1.7 Modern physics

1.7.1 Milikan’s oil drop experiments. Cathode rays, motion of electron in electric and magnetic field,

1.7.2 Quantum nature of radiation, Einstein photo electric effect

1.7.3 Introduction of solids and semiconductor devices

1.7.4 Quantization of energy – Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom, Uncertainty principle

1.7.5 Nature, production, properties and uses of laser,

1.7.6 Nature, production, and uses of X- rays, Bragg’s law

1.7.7 Radioactivity: Alfa particles, Beta particles, Gama rays, law radioactive disintegration, half-life

and decay constant,

1.7.8 Nuclear energy : Energy released from fission and fission, thermal and hydroelectric power, wind

energy, Biofuels, solar energy

1.7.9 Particle physics and cosmology : Particle and antiparticles, Quarks, leptons,baryons and mesons

2. Chemistry

2.1 Atomic structure

2.1.1 Classification of elements: Mendeleev’s periodictable, and modern periodic table, division of
elements into s,p,d and f blocks, electronic configuration, molecular formula,

2.1.2 Fundamental particles of atoms

2.1.3 Rurherford’s and Bohr’s model of atom

2.1.4 Pauli’s exclusion principle

2.1.5 Aufbau principle

2.1.6 Basic assumptions of electronic theory of valency

2.1.7 Octet rule

2.1.8 Chemical bonding: Covalent and coordinate covalent bonds

2.2 Chemical Reaction

2.2.1 Chemical equations and types,

2.2.2 Role of catalyst in chemical reaction

2.2.3 Concept and electronic interpretation of oxidation and reduction

2.2.4 Difference between oxidation number and valency

2.2.5 Redox reaction

2.2.6 Concept and influencing factors of reaction rate

2.2.7 Rate law of equation

2.2.8 Half-life of a reaction

2.2.9 Concept of a activation energy

2.3 State of matter

2.3.1 Gas law : Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Dalton’s law

2.3.2 Kinetic model of gas, Ideal and real gas

2.3.3 Physical properties of liquid: Evaporation, condensation, vapor pressure

2.3.4 Solution and Solubility: Saturated, unsaturated and supersaturated solution, equilibrium in saturated solution, solubility cure and its application

2.3.5 Crystalline and amorphous of solids, water crystallization, seven types of crystal system

2.4 Acid, base and salts

2.4.1 Properties and use of acid base and salts

2.4.2 Ionization of weak electrolyte, degree of ionization,

2.4.3 Lewis concept of acids and base

2.4.4 Ionization of water, pH and pH scale

2.4.5 Hydrolysis of salts

2.4.6 Application of neutralization in daily life

2.5 Electro chemistry

2.5.1 Electrolysis, strong and weak electrolyte

2.5.2 Arrhenius theory of ionization,

2.5.3 Faraday’s law of electrolysis

2.5.4 Electrolytic conduction

2.5.5 Variation of conductivity with concentration

2.6 Non-metals

2.6.1 Preparation, properties and uses of oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, ammonia and carbon diode

2.6.2 Water: structure, solvent properties of water, heavy water, use of water

2.6.3 Preparation, properties and uses of halogens (Chlorine, Bromine and Iodine)

2.6.4 Preparation, properties uses of carbon monoxide, phosphine, and sulphur dioxide

2.6.5 Position in periodic table and uses of Nobel gas

2.6.6 Environmental pollution: Air pollution, acid rain, water pollution, greenhouse effect

2.7 Metals

2.7.1 General properties of matter, difference between metal and non-metals,

2.7.2 Preparation, properties and uses of aluminum, silver copper, iron and gold

2.7.3 Preparation, properties and uses of quick lime, plaster of Paris, Bleaching power and Epsom salt

2.7.4 Importance of mineral deposit in Nepal

2.8 Carbons and its compounds

2.8.1 Properties of carbon, organic and inorganic compounds,

2.8.2 Classification of organic compounds,

2.8.3 Functional group of homologues series

2.8.4 IUPAC rules of naming of hydrocarbons

2.8.5 Preparation, properties and uses of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes

2.8.6 Preparation, properties and uses of methane, benzene, alcohol, phenol and ethers

2.9 Chemicals uses in daily life

2.9.1 Chemical fertilizers: Types and uses of nitrogenous, phosphate and potassic fertilizers

2.9.2 Preparation and uses of compost fertilizers

2.9.3 Some chemicals uses in daily life : Cement, glass, fiber, ceramics, soap, detergents, pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, weedicides and fungicides)

2.9.4 Polymer: natural and synthetic polymers, preparation of polymer, Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC),
Nylon – 66, use of Bakelite

3. Biology

3.1 Introduction to biology

3.1.1 Nature and scope of biology

3.1.2 Branches and of biology with other sciences

3.1.3 Importance of organic and inorganic molecules: carbohydrates, protein, lipid, nucleic, acid,
minerals and water

3.2 Cell biology

3.2.1 Cell as a unit of life, structure and function of cell organelles and inclusions

3.2.2 Mitosis and meiosis cell division

3.3 Biodiversity

3.3.1 Meaning and scope of biodiversity, flora and faunal diversity in Nepal

3.3.2 Characterstatics and protozoa phylum, structure and reproduction of paramecium,

3.3.3 General characterstatics and classification of Porifera, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes,

Aschelminthes, Annelida, Arthopoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata, and Chordata,

3.3.4 Earthworm : Habit and habitat, digestive and reproductive system, economic importance

3.3.5 Frog : Habit and habitat, digestive and reproductive system, economic importance

3.3.6 Life cycle of silkworm, honey bees, mascutos

3.3.7 Structure and reproduction of Mucor, Yeast, Spirogyra

3.3.8 Life cycle of Marchantia, Funaria, and Dryopteris

3.3.9 Morphological structure of Cycas and Pinus

3.3.10 Angiosperm : Morphology, root, stem, flower, fruit, and seed

3.3.11 Structure and economic importance of bacteria, virus and fungi

3.4 Biota and their environment

3.4.1 Ecology: Introduction, abiotic and biotic factors and their interactions

3.4.2 Ecosystem : pond, grassland, mountain,

3.4.3 Food chain, ecological pyramid, productivity,

3.4.4 Adaptation : animal, amphibians, terrestrial

3.4.5 Biochemical cycle: carbon and nitrogen cycle

3.4.6 Wildlife conservation : meaning, importance, vulnerable and endangered species in Nepal,

conservation practices( National parks, wild life reserve and hunting services)

3.4.7 Introduction of forest in Nepal, importance of a forestation and hazards of deforestation

3.5 Anatomy and physiology of organism

3.5.1 Plant anatomy : Types of tissues, meristematic and permanent tissue, internal structure of monocot

and dicot root, system and leaf

3.5.2 Plant physiology : Water relation, photosynthesis, respiration, growth, plant movement

3.5.3 Animal tissues : Connective , muscular and nervous

3.6 Human biology

3.6.1 Nutrition: digestive organs and digestion of food

3.6.2 Respiratory organs and mechanism

3.6.3 Blood circulation : structure and function of blood, heart and its function, blood groups, blood

sugar blood pressure , uric acid

3.6.4 Excretion : Excretory organs, mechanism of urine formation, temperature regulation, kidney and

liver control system

3.6.5 Nerves system : types of nerves system, structure and function of brain, transmission of nerve


3.6.6 Endocrinology: structure, function of pituitary, thyroid, pancreas,

3.6.7 Structure and function of eye and ear

3.6.8 Reproductive organs

3.6.9 Structure and function of skeleton system, classification of bones

3.7 Developmental biology

3.7.1 Reproduction and development of angiosperms : asexual reproduction, pollination, development

of male and female gametophyte, fertilization and development of embryo in monocot and dicot

3.7.2 Sexual reproduction in animal : frog, fish, earthworm

3.7.3 Gametogeneisis in animals

3.7.4 Chromosomes and sex determination

3.8 Origin and Evolution of life

3.8.1 Origin of life

3.8.2 Theory of origin of life

3.8.3 Meaning of evolution, organic evolution

3.8.4 Evidences of evolutions

3.8.5 Lamarckism, Darwinism and Neo Darwinism

3.8.6 Human evolution

3.8.7 Structures of plant and animal cell

3.9 Genetics

3.9.1 Elements of heredity and variation, Genetic material (DNA and RNA),
3.9.2 Genetic code, Gene pool, Genetic expression and its regulation

3.9.3 Mendel’s law of inheritance,

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